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Rosacea – Facts and Treatments

Rosacea – Facts and Treatments

Rosacea is a chronic condition of the skin that involves inflammation.  It shows up as flushed skin, redness, broken capillaries and/or breakouts.  It is typically on the cheeks, nose, chin and forehead.

Rosacea Facts

  • It is most common in women aged 30-50.
  • It is typically more pronounced in men when they do get it.
  • People with rosacea typically get red easier and remain red longer when participating in strenuous activity.
  • Dry skin is common.
  • It tends to worsen when left untreated.
  • Hereditary backgrounds play a big role.  It is most common in those of Irish, English, Scottish, Welsh and Russian descent.

Rosacea Types

  • Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea is persistent redness of the mid-third of the face, usually with broken capillaries.
  • Papulopustular Rosacea is redness in the mid face, accompanied by pimples.
  • Phymatous Rosacea is thickening  and enlargement of the skin.  This type of rosacea typically affects the nose, but can affect other locations as well.
  • Ocular Rosacea affects the eye area, causing irritation, watery, bloodshot eyes, burning, stinging, dryness, itching and frequent styes.

Causes of Rosacea

There are no conclusive findings as to the cause, but there are many theories, including vascular dysfunction, impaired barrier function, hormonal dysfunction, and an increase in demodex mites that are thought to create inflammation.

Rosacea Triggers

There are certain environmental and lifestyle triggers that will cause the skin to become more irritated, red and inflamed.  This is a list of some of the most common triggers.  It is not all-inclusive, as everyone’s skin is different.  It is helpful to keep a journal of food, lifestyle, sleep, etc. so that individual triggers can be identified and eliminated or minimized.

  • Sun exposure
  • Stress
  • Extreme temperatures
  • Wind
  • Heavy exercise
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Spicy foods
  • Harsh soaps
  • Topical products containing alcohol

Rosacea Treatments

While there is no cure for rosacea, there are many treatments available to control the appearance.

rosacea infuse skin and body
Rosacea treatment

For severe cases, such as phymatous rosacea or ocular rosacea a Dermatologist or Plastic Surgeon should be seen.  They can recommend oral and topical medications and laser and surgical procedures that will be beneficial for those suffering from severe cases of rosacea.

For mild to moderate cases, a Licensed Esthetician can help.  There are many different treatments that will help calm the skin and reduce inflammation, along with clearing up papules and pustules that go along with some forms of rosacea.  A soothing treatment, followed by red LED can improve the appearance substantially.  In any skin treatment, you absolutely want to avoid steam or hot towels.  Home care products are also available to help lessen the symptoms, but it is a good idea to get professional advice on this, as there are many skin care ingredients that will actually worsen the appearance of the skin.


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